If you get a chance to visit Berlin for one day check out these historic sites within the city:
Brandenburg Gate, commissioned by King Frederick William II of Prussia, was introduced as a sign of peace in 1791. It was at one time the symbol of the undeclared Cold War but now has transformed to represent a reunited Berlin. It received considerable damage in World War II but was fully restored in 2002.
This memorial was made to commemorate the six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The 2,711 stelae blocks were designed to produce a confusing and uneasy atmosphere representing the ordered system that lost touch with human reason.
The Berlin Wall, also known as the Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer, stands as Germany’s central memorial to the victims of the Wall. At one time it acted as a barrier that divided up Berlin from 1961-1989. It is the number one place to learn about what the border fortifications looked like and how it impacted the everyday lives of citizens on either side of it.
East Side Gallery
This 1.3 km long section of the east side of the Berlin Wall was painted in 1990 as an international memorial of freedom. The open air Gallery displays over 100 paintings from artists all over the world depicting great hopes for a better and freer future.
Learn some history about the Jewish-German culture and explore the featured exhibitions, particularly during the reign of the Third Reich. The museum offers a powerful insight into the lives and history of Jewish Germans which is both interesting and intellectually challenging.
Checkpoint Charlie was the most famous of the border crossing points between West and East Berlin during the period of the Cold War. Now a must-see tourist attraction you can explore the museum and learn more about its history.
If you have more time explore other landmarks such as the Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche, German Historical Museum or Reichstag Building.